Leonardo was a polymath if there was ever one. He was also far ahead of his time in terms of creative thinking. His application to the Duke of Milan not only enumerates his usefulness as a war strategist and inventor but also supplies a plan B, listing out how he can contribute during peacetime. He laid down most of the basics of representational art that we now take for granted. His use of light and shade is stuff that legends are made of, especially in the context of 15th century art. Along with Bacon, Michelangelo and Galileo, he redefined the place of man in the context of creation, and created the concept of the renaissance man.
|Vitruvian Man - drawing by Leonardo da Vinci|
|Pieta by William Blake|
If there are two names that one must take when speaking of modern Indian art, and if one has already mentioned Ravi Varma, the other has to be Abanindranath. Little known to the contemporary world, he was the man behind the creation of the Bengal School of Art. His greatest contribution to the emergence of modern Indian art was in the way he blended contemporary perspectives with the traditional Mughal, Rajput and Buddhist schools of art. Like all the others in this chat session list, he was not only a great artist, but also a gifted writer.